Pardew had hoped to secure the futures of Nolan, fellow midfielder Joey Barton and left-back Jose Enrique this summer ahead of a foray into the transfer market.
However, 28-year-old Nolan is understood to have rejected the contract offer currently on the table just weeks after Barton was told he will not be offered a new deal.
Former Bolton player Nolan, who scored 12 Premier League goals last season, has two years remaining on his current contract, but the breakdown of talks will cause further concern amongst fans still coming to terms with Barton's situation.
Like Nolan, Barton was one of the club's most consistent performers last season as he enjoyed his best campaign to date in a Newcastle shirt, and his retention beyond the final year of his current deal was one of Pardew's priorities.
But agent Willie McKay has revealed that the offer on which the two parties failed to agree in January is no longer on the table, and that unless something changes radically in the next 12 months, Barton will leave St James' Park on a free transfer next summer.