Scottish Football Association (SFA) chief executive Stewart Regan has written to the Brazilian football federation (CBF) in order to request an apology after Neymar accused Scotland fans of racism on Sunday.
Neymar suggested that Scotland fans who booed him during a friendly between the two countries on Sunday were motivated by racist attitudes, while a banana was also thrown onto the pitch after he scored his second goal at Emirates Stadium.
However, Scottish fans were clearly targeting the forward in protest at perceived play-acting and it later transpired that the banana had been thrown by a German student sitting in the Brazil end, wiith police saying there was no racist intent.
The SFA now wants either Neymar or the CBF to make a formal apology.
Regan said: "It is very disappointing that this episode threatened to overshadow an entertaining match, played amidst a real carnival atmosphere created by supporters of both teams.
"Scotland and Brazil have played many times over the years, each time in a colourful and friendly environment, and we feel that it's necessary to draw a line under Sunday's events.
"Scotland's supporters were genuinely upset and annoyed that the unfounded allegations levelled against them threatened to sully their reputation as fair, good-humoured and respectful spectators.
"As the matter has been resolved, and Scotland supporters cleared of any involvement, we felt it was only right that we acted on behalf of our supporters to request an apology either from the player involved, or the Brazilian FA."