Craig Bellamy believes Montenegro's "streetwise" approach cost Wales as they went down to a 1-0 defeat in Friday's Euro 2012 qualifier.
Roma striker Mirko Vucinic scored the only goal of the game at the Stadion Pod Goricom in a match in which referee Anastassios Kakos - from nearby Greece - was considered a controversial appointment.
Miodrah Dzudovic remained on the pitch despite an apparent elbow on James Collins and, while Bellamy is not blaming any decisions for the defeat, he feels Montenegro did all they could to ensure they got the right result.
"I think they were very clever and I think they were very clever in the two days prior as well," he said. "They have been very streetwise and credit to them for that.
"They have been very clever to get a referee from Corfu, 20 odd minutes away - incredible. When we play Montenegro at home will we have an Irish or a Scottish referee? Of course not.
"But we didn't lose the game because of that, so there are no sour grapes. At the end of the day Montenegro won and that's the end of that."
He added: "Whether we deserved to lose or not, we have still started the group with no points. It's not unfamiliar territory because we've been down this road for a number of years.
"Starting a group with a win doesn't half give you confidence going into the rest of the games, but I've started a number of groups with losses, so as always the next game is another big one."