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ESPN FC  By Dale Johnson

What is the UEFA Nations League and when does it start? A complete guide

With the playoff teams set in Europe, the FC crew assess which unseeded side has the best chance of reaching the World Cup.

The UEFA Nations League will begin in 2018. Here's a guide for all you need to know about the new competition.

What is the UEFA Nations League?

It is a competition between the 55 member nations of UEFA, created because "UEFA and its associations wanted more sporting meaning in national team football, with associations, coaches, players and supporters increasingly of the opinion that friendly matches are not providing adequate competition for national teams."

So this means there are no more international friendlies?

There will definitely be far fewer, though there are still a couple of spaces in the calendar. For instance, the top nations will play four fixtures across three international weeks at the end of next year, and this will leave two spare dates for international friendlies. But with Euro 2020 qualifying taking place through 2019 in March, June, September, October and November with two games each month, there will be no free international dates that year.

What format does it take?

The 55 nations are split into four "Leagues" -- 12 nations in Leagues A and B, 15 in League C and 16 in League D. The strongest nations are in League A, and the weakest in League D.

The teams will then be drawn into four groups of three teams for League A and B. In League C there will be three groups of four and one of three. League D will have four groups of four.

Teams within each group will play each other home and away over the three international weeks.

When does it start?

The group games will all be played on the six international dates between September and November 2018.

Why take the Nations League seriously?

Firstly, it will decide each nation's ranking for Euro 2020 qualifying -- so 10 of the 12 nations in League A are guaranteed to be top seeds, but Leagues B and C will each split almost down the middle to create the lower ranked pots. 

Also, there is the "second chance" of the Euro 2020 playoffs as another carrot, creating a safety net if your qualifying campaign goes badly wrong.

But it does remain to be seen just how seriously the bigger nations will take it, considering they are highly likely to be to seeded in the Euro 2020 qualifying draw anyway.

Have the seedings been released?

Yes, this is how they look. So no nation can play a team from another League, or from a team within its pot.

LEAGUE A (with projected pots)
Pot 1:
Germany, Portugal, Belgium, Spain
Pot 2: France, England, Switzerland, Italy
Pot 3: Poland, Iceland, Croatia, Netherlands

LEAGUE B (with projected pots)
Pot 1:
Austria, Wales, Russia, Slovakia
Pot 2: Sweden, Ukraine, Republic of Ireland, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Pot 3: Northern Ireland, Denmark, Czech Republic, Turkey

LEAGUE C (with projected pots)
Pot 1:
Hungary, Romania, Scotland, Slovenia
Pot 2: Greece, Serbia, Albania, Norway
Pot 3: Montenegro, Israel, Bulgaria, Finland
Pot 4: Cyprus, Estonia, Lithuania

LEAGUE D (with projected pots)
Pot 1: Azerbaijan, FYR Macedonia, Belarus, Georgia
Pot 2: Armenia, Latvia, Faroe Islands, Luxembourg
Pot 3: Kazakhstan, Moldova, Liechtenstein, Malta
Pot 4: Andorra, Kosovo, San Marino, Gibraltar

How were teams ranked?

The pots are based on UEFA's national association coefficient rankings released on Oct. 11, 2017. This is different to the FIFA Ranking, only factors in competitive games and gives more credit for scoring goals and deducts points for conceding them.  

When is the draw?

It takes place in Lausanne on Jan. 24, 2018.

Will there actually be UEFA Nations League champions?

Yes. The four group winners from League A will playoff in knockout format -- semifinals, third-place match and final -- in June 2019, with all four matches being played in one host European country. Only teams in League A can go on to be champions.

What about promotion and relegation?

Yes. The winners of each group in Leagues B, C and D will move up, while the nations bottom of Leagues A, B and C will drop down for the next edition of the Nations League.

So what happens with Euro 2020 qualifying?

A few things. First, rather than starting in September 2018 as it usually would, it is pushed back to March 2019 through to November 2019.

Secondly, as stated above, the final positions and records from the UEFA Nations League will be used to rank nations for the Euro 2020 qualifying draw, which takes place on Dec. 2, 2018. So the four group winners from League A, who go through to the playoffs, will be ranked 1-4, and the other nations from League A will fill places 5-12. That will go down to the worst team in League D in 55th. These positions will be used to form the draw pots.

This is where it gets a little more complicated -- so stay with us. 

The qualifying draw will create five groups of five teams and five groups of six teams. The four group winners from League A will be drawn into a group of five, enabling June 2019 to be left free for the Nations League playoffs.

Now it gets even more complicated...

How do the Euro 2020 qualifying playoffs work?

In qualifying for Euro 2016, the eight best third-placed teams from regular qualifying went into November playoffs (similar to next month's World Cup qualifying playoffs).

For Euro 2020, the playoff teams will be plucked from the UEFA Nations League. The winners of the four groups in each League will go into the playoffs. However, 20 nations will have already booked a place in the finals via regular qualifying, and many of these are likely to be UEFA Nations League group winners too, so it will be the best-placed nation in each group that has not yet qualified that enters the playoffs. If every team in a group/league has qualified, then the next best performing team from that League, or the League below, will take part in the playoffs.

Deep breath. We're nearly there....

These 16 nations, four from each League, will then play off against other teams from their own League in March 2020 for the final four places at Euro 2020. Thus, one team each from Leagues A, B, C and D will go through via the playoffs.

Will this make any difference? 

Yes it will. Most importantly it's going to give nations who never previously had a real shot of qualifying a chance to make Euro 2020 -- and subsequent finals if the idea is a success.

Take a look at the nations in League D -- and remember that four nations from that League will enter the March 2020 playoffs with the winners going to the finals. These are worst 16 teams in UEFA, and one of them is going to qualify -- Azerbaijan, FYR Macedonia, Belarus and Georgia are currently the highest-rated nations. It's a similar story for League C, with most nations having rarely, or never, appeared at a finals -- one of these teams will be there too.

Is the competition a one-off?

No, the next Nations League is due to begin in September 2020, with new divisions based on promotion and relegation, though there is no information at present about how this could affect qualifying for the 2022 World Cup.

Dale Johnson has been an editor and journalist at ESPN for 18 years. You can follow him on Twitter @dalejohnsonESPN.


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